The U.S., China and the Future of Central Asia

Conference Agenda:


For more information on the participants and their presentations, click their highlighted name.

Feb 6th

7:00 PM
Welcome Dinner, 21st Floor, for out of town participants at
The Cooper Square (Standard East Village) - Hotel


Feb 7th

8:45 AM
Conference Registration, coffee and rolls Room 914, Kimmel Center, New York University 60 Washington Square South

9:00 AMOpening Remarks:David DENOON, NYU



Session I – Overview Papers



Moderator, David DENOON, New York University


9:10-11:00    
“Central Asia:  Walls and Windmills of Economic Development?” Nazgul JENISH (NYU) and Anders ASLUND (Peterson Institute for International Economics)

“The Foreign Policies of the Central Asian States” M. LARUELLE and S. PEYROUSE, both John Hopkins SAIS and the Silkroad Institute, Stockholm
11:00 - 11:10
Coffee Break
11:10 - 12:00
“Alternative Futures for Central Asia” Richard POMFRET, University of Adelaide
12:00 - 1:00
Lunch



Session II – The Role of the Outside Powers



Moderator, Jerome A. COHEN, NYU School of Law


1:00 - 2:30 PM
“The Srategic Interests of China and Russia in Central Asia,” XING Guangcheng, China Academy of the Social Sciences

“The Economic Interests of China and Russia in Central Asia” LI Xin, Shanghai Institute for International Studies

2:45 - 5:15
“Russia and Central Asian Islam” Aleksei MALASHENKO, Carnegie Moscow

“Russia and Central Asia – Life After Divorce: Two Decades of Tumultuous Relations” Alisher KHAMIDOV, Johns Hopkins SAIS

“Central Asia: Simultaneously at the Epicenter and Periphery of U.S. Interest” Andrew KUCHINS, Center for Strategic and International Studies

“India’s Objectives in Central Asia” Gulshan SACHDEVA, Jawaharlal Nehru University


6:00 - 8:00  PM
Cocktails and Dinner – NYU Faculty Club/Torch Club 18 Waverly Place
Dinner Speaker:  Fred STARR, Johns Hopkins SAIS

Feb 8


8:30 AM
Coffee and Rolls, Room 914 Kimmel Center


8:45 - 10:15
Session II continued – The Role of the Outside Powers

Moderator, M. Ishaq NADIRI, New York University

“Japan and S. Korea in Central Asia,” Edward LINCOLN, George Washington University

“Turkish Foreign Policy in a Changing World,” Joshua WALKER, German Marshall Fund

“Iran’s Foreign Policy and Its Strategy in Central Asia,” Mohsen MILANI, Florida Southern University

10:15 - 10:30
Coffee Break



Session III   - Functional Topics



Moderator, David DENOON, NYU


10:30 – 12:00
“Development of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization,” PAN Guang, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences

“The Quest for Energy Security in the Central Asian Neighborhood,” Carolyn KISSANE, NYU

12:00 - 1:00
Working Lunch
Amb. Winston LORD to lead off the discussion
Concluding Comments by Participants




Conference Participants


Bulat AKHMETKARIMOV is a doctoral student in International Relations and Russian and Eurasian Studies at Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. His research interests include ethnic conflict, federalism, and interaction between religion and politics in Russia. He received his B.A. from Ege University in Economics and M.A. from the University of Cincinnati in Political Science. He has previously worked for various think tanks both in Turkey and the United States. His dissertation, "Ideological shifts and the state policy towards Islam in Russia," seeks to explain why state policies towards religion have been changing after the fall of the communist regime in Russia. He is author of  “In Russia: Ambitions vs. Demography,” SAISPHERE, The Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (2010); “Moderate Islam in Turkey: Is the Ball in the AKP’s Court?” The Washington Review of Turkish and Eurasian Affairs, June 2010; “Revisiting the Profile of the American Voter in the Context of Declining Turnout,” Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, Vol. 7, No. 2&3, Summer & Fall (2008).

Anders ÅSLUND has been a senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics since 2006 and is also an adjunct professor at Georgetown University. He is a leading specialist on the East European economies with more than 35 years of experience in the field. He served as an economic advisor to President Askar Akaev of Kyrgyzstan from 1998 to 2004. He also advised the Russian government (1991-94) and the Ukrainian government (1994-97). Dr. Åslund is the author of eleven books, most recently with Latvian Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis, How Latvia Came out of the Financial Crisis. Other recent books of his are: The Last Shall Be the First: The East European Financial Crisis, 2008-10 (2010), How Ukraine Became a Market Economy and Democracy (2009), Russia’s Capitalist Revolution: Why Market Reform Succeeded and Democracy Failed (2007) and How Capitalism Was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia (2007), and he has edited 16 books and published widely. Previously, Dr. Åslund was the Director of the Russian and Eurasian Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He earned his doctorate from the University of Oxford.

Abstract


Jerome COHEN concentrates in business law relating to Asia and has long represented foreign companies in contract negotiations and dispute resolution in China, Vietnam and other countries in East Asia.  He is also a law professor at New York University School of Law and a senior fellow for Asia Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. At NYU, he teaches courses on "Legal Problems of Doing Business With China and East Asia" and "International Law - East and West." He has published several books and articles on Chinese law as well as a general book, China Today, co-authored with his wife, Joan Lebold Cohen. In 1990 he published Investment Law and Practice in Vietnam. Mr. Cohen was visiting law professor at Doshisha University in Kyoto in 1971-72 and an honorary law professor at the University of Hong Kong in 1979. From 1979 to 1981, he took part in various trade and investment contract negotiations and taught a course on international business law, in the Chinese language, for Beijing officials. Mr. Cohen has been advisor to the Government of Sichuan Province, China; chairman of the American Arbitration Association's China Conciliation Committee; a member of the Panel of Arbitrators of both the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission and the China Securities Regulatory Commission in Beijing; a trustee of the China Institute in America; a trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; and a director of the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations. He also formerly served as chairman of the New York/Beijing Friendship (Sister City) Committee, a trustee of The Asia Society, a corporate director of the Japan Society, the vice chairman of the Advisory Council for The Johns Hopkins-Nanjing University Joint Center in China and a member of the Board of Editors of both the China Quarterly and the American Journal of International Law. He continues to serve on the Advisory Board of Human Rights Watch – Asia. Mr. Cohen was a Fulbright scholar in France from 1951 to 1952. He served as editor in chief of the Yale Law Journal.  Following graduation, he served as an assistant U.S. attorney for the District of Columbia and was a consultant to the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations before beginning an academic career at the University of California School of Law at Berkeley. Mr. Cohen joined the faculty of Harvard Law School in 1964 where he served as Jeremiah J. Smith Professor, director of East Asian Legal Studies and Associate Dean. He remained there until he joined the firm in 1981.

Stephen F. COHEN is a professor of Russian and Slavic Studies in the History department at NYU. He received a Ph.D. in 1969 in Government and Russian Studies at Columbia, an M.A. in 1962 in Government and Russian Studies, and a B.S. in Economics and Public Policy in 1960 from Indiana University. His areas of specialty include Russian politics and history since 1917, U.S.-Soviet/Russian relations, and American media coverage of the Soviet Union and Russia.

Alexander COOLEY is the Tow Professor for Distinguished Scholars and Practitioners in Political Science at Barnard College, Columbia University in New York. Professor Cooley's research examines how external actors have shaped the sovereignty and political development of the post-Communist states, with a focus on post-Soviet Central Asia and the Caucasus. He is the author of dozens of articles and four academic books- the most recent, Great Games, Local Rules: The New Great Power Contest in Central Asia examines US-Russia-China relations in the region from 2001-2011 and will be published in July 2012 by Oxford University Press. In addition to his academic work, Cooley's policy-related articles and opinion pieces have appeared in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Foreign Policy and Foreign Affairs and he is regularly quoted in international media outlets on Central Asia-related topics. Professor Cooley currently serves on the Board of Advisors of the Open Society Foundations’ Central Eurasia Project, the International Advisory Board of Central Asian Survey, and has testified before the US Congress. His work has been supported by grants and fellowships with the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Smith Richardson Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation and the Open Society Foundations, among others.

David DENOON is Professor of Politics and Economics at New York University and Director of the NYU Center on U.S.-China Relations.  He has a B.A. from Harvard, an M.P.A. from Princeton, and a Ph.D. from M.I.T.; and has served in the Federal Government in three positions:  Program Economist for USAID in Jakarta, Vice President of the U.S. Export-Import Bank, and Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense. Professor Denoon is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London), the Asia Society, the U.S.-Indonesia Society, and is Co-Chairman of the New York University Asia Policy Seminar.  He is also Chairman of the Editorial Advisory Board of Great Decisions. He is the author and editor of seven books, including Real Reciprocity - Balancing U.S. Economic and Security Policy in the Pacific Basin.   He has two recent books, a monograph titled The Economic and Strategic Rise of China and India (Palgrave-Macmillan) and an edited volume, China: Contemporary Political, Economic, and International Affairs (NYU Press). He recently published an article in China-US Focus on "The Evolution of the Chinese Financial System.   

James C. HSIUNG is a professor of Politics at NYU. He earned a Ph.D. in political science from Columbia, and M.A. in journalism) from Southern Illinois, and a B.A. in comparative literature from National Taiwan University. His areas of research/interest include International law, politics, and organization; the interplay of the above three components, among others, of international relations; Asian Pacific international relations; United States in Asia; East Asian politics (including China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Indochina and Association of Southeast Asian Nations [ASEAN] states); postcolonial societies.

Erian IDRISSOV was born April 28, 1959 in Karkaralinsk. From 1976-1981, he studied English and Urdu at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of the USSR. Mr. Idrissov worked in Pakistan for v/o "Tyazhpromexport" of the USSR State Committee on Economic Cooperation from 1981-1985. During the next five years of his career, he engaged in further studies at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR. Additionally, he attended lectures in Hindi and French at the Diplomatic Academy of the USSR from 1990-1992.
In 1992, Mr. Idrissov was appointed Secretary of the Permanent Mission of Kazakhstan to the United Nations in New York. Three years later, he began work for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan as the Head of the American Department while also acting as the Ambassador-at-Large. Mr. Idrissov later became assistant to the President of Kazakhstan, focusing on international issues, and, in 1997, was nominated the First Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan. Following his service in this position, he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan in October 1999.
Mr. Idrissov was posted to London in 2002 to serve as Ambassador to the United Kingdom, Norway, and Sweden. He continued to work in Europe until he was appointed Ambassador to the United States on July 7, 2007.  The Ambassador and his wife, Nurilla A. Idrissova, have two sons, Daniar (born in 1983) and Alzhan (born in 1998), and one daughter, Aigerim (born in 1986). He enjoys tennis, ice hockey, golf, horseback riding, and traveling.  The Kazakh envoy is also a member of the Royal Automobile Club of London, University Club, the Army- Navy Country Club, Georgetown Club, and the Metropolitan Club of Washington, D.C.

Chorobek IMASHEV started his professional career as a lecturer in economics at Kyrgyz Agrarian University. He worked at the International Monetary Fund in Washington DC from 1993-1998. He later served several years as Deputy Minister and Minister of Finance in the Kyrgyz Republic. He spent some time in consultancy work in different development topics such as macroeconomics, regional trade, governance, sectoral policy and taxation. He is currently Advisor to the Executive Director of the World Bank.

Nazgul JENISH is an Assistant Professor of Economics at the New York University. Her main research interests are in theoretical and applied econometrics, with a particular focus on developing and transition economies. Her research has been published in top econometrics and statistics journals. She holds a Ph.D. in Economics from University of Maryland. Prior to academia, Dr. Jenish worked at the United Nations, New York, as a policy specialist.

Abstract

JIA Jianfei (Ph.D, History) is an associate professor in Research Center for China’s Borderlands History and Geography, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, now he is a visiting scholar at Harvard-Yenching Institute for the year 2011-2012. His research field is mainly about Xinjiang History in Qing dynasty and Republic of China. His current researches include “Legal System in Qing’s Muslim Frontier” and “Study on Zhang Zhi-zhong and his Policies in Xinjiang.” He is the author of three books: The Movement of Population and the Society of People from China Proper during Qianlong, Jiaqing and Daoguang’s reigns (2012, forthcoming), Study on Northwestern China’s History and Geography in Qing Dynasty (2010) and The Cultural Disaster: the outflow of Cultural relics in Modern Northwestern China (2004). He also translated some books and articles about Xinjiang and other China’s Borderland written in English into Chinese, such as Prof. James A. Millward’s Beyond the Pass: Economy, Ethnicity, and Empire in Qing Central Asia, 1759-1864 (2008), Prof. Mark Elliott’s Emperor Qianlong: Son of Heaven, Man of the World (2012, forthcoming).

Alisher KHAMIDOV is a Newton Fellow at the Newcastle University in the U.K. Previously he served as a lecturer at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University. He began his career as director of the Osh Media Resource Center, a non-profit, independent media association in southern Kyrgyzstan, and has worked for several non-governmental organizations and think tanks, including the Central Asian Media Support Project, the University of Notre Dame's Sanctions and Security Project, and the Foreign Policy Studies Program at the Brookings Institution. Khamidov has written about religious and ethnic conflict in the Ferghana Valley and political developments in Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia, and is a frequent contributor to Eurasianet and Transitions Online.  He earned his doctorate in Russian and Eurasian studies from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, a master’s degree in international peace studies from the University of Notre Dame, and a bachelor’s degree from Osh State University in Kyrgyzstan.

Abstract


Carolyn KISSANE serves as Clinical Associate Professor at the Center for Global Affairs at New York University where she teaches graduate level courses examining the Central Asian region, transformations in China, the geopolitics of oil, comparative energy politics, resource security, and civil society organizations.  She serves as the Coordinator of the Energy and Environment concentration at the Center and is faculty advisor to the Energy Policy International Club.  She held a two year fellowship from the Carnegie Council for Ethics and International Affairs and received a Fulbright Hayes Doctoral Dissertation Research Award, Teachers College Columbia University Dean's Grant, National Security Graduate Enhancement Fellowship, IREX Caspian Sea Fellowship, IREX travel grant for study in Kazakhstan, and an IREX Individual Advanced Research Opportunities Grant to examine the impact of natural resources on civil society development.  In recognition of her unwavering commitment to education Dr. Kissane was awarded the esteemed NYU Excellence in Teaching Award in 2007 and nominated for the NYU-wide Distinguished Teaching Award in 2008 and 2009.   She received the SCPS Award for Teaching Excellence in 2009.   She is currently writing a book on oil.  Dr. Kissane received her Ph.D. from Columbia University.

Andrew KUCHINS is a senior fellow and the director of the CSIS Russia and Eurasia Program. He is an internationally known expert on Russian foreign and domestic policies who publishes widely and is frequently called on by business, government, media, and academic leaders for comment and consulting on Russian and Eurasian affairs. From 2000 to 2006, Dr. Kuchins was a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he was director of its Russian and Eurasian Program in Washington, D.C., from 2000 to 2003 and again in 2006, and director of the Carnegie Moscow Center in Russia from 2003 to 2005. He has also held senior management and research positions at the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Stanford University, and the University of California at Berkeley. Dr. Kuchins currently teaches at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and has also taught at Georgetown and Stanford Universities. His recent publications include “Russian Foreign Policy: Continuity in Change,” coauthored with Igor Zevelev (The Washington Quarterly, winter 2012), “Laying the Groundwork for Afghanistan's New Silk Road" (Foreign Affairs, December 2011), Putin's Return and Washington's Reset With Russia” (Foreign Affairs, September 2011), “A Durable Reset” (The International Herald Tribune, September 2011), Reset Expectations: Russian Assessments of U.S. Power (CSIS, June 2011), The North Caucasus: Russia’s Volatile Frontier, coauthored with Sergey Markedonov and Matthew Malarkey (CSIS, March 2011), Russia after the Global Economic Crisis, coedited with Anders Aslund and Sergei Guriev (Peterson Institute, June 2010). He holds a B.A. from Amherst College and an M.A. and Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins SAIS.

Marlène LARUELLE is a Research Professor of International Affairs, The Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies (IERES), The Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington DC. She has co-authored The Chinese Factor in Central Asia. Domestic Order, and Social Changes (Columbia University Press, April 2012), and co-edited China and India in Central Asia. A new “Great Game”? (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), and Mapping Central Asia: Indian Perceptions and Strategies (Ashgate, 2011).

Abstract


Edward J. LINCOLN is a professor at The George Washington University. He is formerly the director of the Center for Japan-U.S. Business and Economic Studies and professor of economics at New York University Stern School of Business. Lincoln's research interests include contemporary structure and change in the Japanese economy, East Asian economic integration, and U.S. economic policy toward Japan and East Asia. Before joining NYU, Lincoln was a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, and earlier a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. In the mid-1990s, he served as special economic advisor to Ambassador Walter Mondale at the American Embassy in Tokyo. He has also been a professorial lecturer at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. He is the author of eight books and monographs, including East Asian Economic Regionalism (The Council on Foreign Relations and the Brookings Institution, 2004), Arthritic Japan: The Slow Pace of Economic Reform (Brookings, 2001), and Troubled Times: U.S.-Japan Economic Relations in the 1990s (Brookings, 1998). An earlier book, Japan Facing Economic Maturity (Brookings, 1988) received the Masayoshi Ohira Award for outstanding books on the Asia-Pacific region. Lincoln received his Bachelor's degree from Amherst College, his M.A. in both economics and East Asian Studies at Yale University, and his Ph.D. in economics also at Yale University.

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LI Xin is Professor and Director of Institute for Economic Comparative Studies and Center for Russia and Central Asia Studies of Shanghai Institutes for International Studies (SIIS); Member of Shanghai Committee of People's Political Consultative Conference; Standing Director of National Council of China Society of Russian, East European and Central Asian Studies and Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Research Centre; Vice President of Shanghai Association of Russian, East European & Central Asian Studies; Part-time Professor and director of doctoral students at Tsinghua University, Fudan University, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, and East China Normal University. Before joining SIIS, he taught in Department of Management at Zhengzhou University of Light Industry (1987-1989) after he graduated from Department of Economics at Wuhan University; Graduate student majoring in World Economics at Renmin University and Doctoral student majoring in Economics at Belarusian State University (1989-1994); Postdoctoral fellow at School of Economics, Fudan University (1994-1997); Associate Professor and Professor, and Director of Department of World Economy and Research Center for Economics of Transition at Shanghai University of Finance and Economics in order of precedence(1997-2008); Senior Visiting Scholar at Department of Economics, St. Petersburg State University (2006). His major academic interest is in World Economy, Economics of Transition, Economies in Transition, and especially Russian Economy.

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Winston LORD currently serves as Co-Chairman of the International Rescue Committee, the largest non-sectarian organization that both helps refugees aboard and resettles them in the United States. For three decades Ambassador Lord has been at the center of U.S.-China relations. As Special Assistant to the National Security Advisor he accompanied Henry Kissinger on his secret visit to China and President Nixon on his historic opening in the early 1970’s, as well as subsequent trips by President Ford and Dr. Kissinger. From 1985-1989 he served as Ambassador to Beijing under President Reagan and Bush. From 1993-1997 he was Assistant Secretary of State in charge of all East Asian policy, including China, under President Clinton. Lord’s other key government assignments were as the State Department Director of Policy Planning 1973-1977, and in the Defense and State Departments in the 1960’s. In between governmental posts Ambassador Lord has headed a variety of private organizations related to international affairs-as President of the Council on Foreign Relations 1977-85, as well as Chairman of the National Endowment for Democracy and Chairman of the Carnegie Endowment National Commission on America and the New World in the early 1990s. Ambassador Lord earned a B.A. from Yale (magna Cum Laude) and an M.A. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (first in the class). He has received several honorary degrees, the Sates Department’s Distinguished Honor Award and the Defense Department’s Outstanding Performance Award. He is married to the best-selling author Bette Bao Lord and they are the parents of Elizabeth and Winston.

Aleksei MALASHENKO is Co-Chair of the program “Religion, Society and Security” of the Carnegie Moscow Center. He was educated at the Institute of Asian and African Countries, Moscow State University. He has a Postdoctoral Degree in Political Science, 1995, a Ph.D. in History, 1978, and a Diploma in History, 1974. He is a professor at the Higher School of Economics, Moscow State University.

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Mohsen M. MILANI is Professor of Politics and Chair of the Department of Government and International Affairs at the University of South Florida in Tampa. Professor Milani has written extensively about the Persian Gulf, the Iranian Revolution, and Iran’s foreign and security policies. He served as a research fellow at Harvard University, Oxford University’s St. Antony’s College in England, and the Foscari University in Venice, Italy. Dr. Milani is a frequent speaker at international and national conferences on Iran and the Persian Gulf. He is currently working on a book project about Iran's regional policies.

M. Ishaq NADIRI is the Jay Gould Professor of Economics at New York University.  He served as Chairman of the Economics Department from 1972-78. Additionally, Prof. Nadiri founded and served as the first director of the C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics. From 2005-08, Prof. Nadiri served as the Senior Economic Advisor to President Hamid Karzai in Afghanistan (SEAP). He was the Chairman of Afghanistan’s National Development Strategy (ANDS) and helped Afghanistan raise $32 Billion in donor pledges for the development of Afghanistan at the Paris and London conferences. A longstanding member of the National Bureau of Economic Research his main research topics are productivity analysis, economics of R&D and technical change, telecommunications economics and investment modeling and growth.  In recent years, his research efforts have extended to economic responses to terrorism, post-conflict reconstruction and economies of failed states.

PAN Guang is Vice Chairman and Professor of Shanghai Center for International Studies, Director of SCO Studies Center in Shanghai, Dean of Center of Jewish Studies Shanghai (CJSS) and Vice President of Chinese Association of Middle East Studies. He is Senior Advisor of China-Eurasia Forum in USA, Senior Advisor on Anti-terror Affairs to Shanghai Municipality and Ministry of Public Security of PRC. He obtained Sankt Peterburg-300 Medal for Contribution to China-Russia Relations awarded by President Putin in 2004 and Austria Holocaust Memorial Award in 2006. He was appointed by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan as member of the High-Level Group for the UN Alliance of Civilizations in 2005, and appointed as Ambassador of the AoC in 2008.

Sébastien PEYROUSE is a Senior Research Fellow with the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, a Joint Center affiliated with Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies, Washington D.C. He was a doctoral and postdoctoral Fellow at the French Institute for Central Asia Studies in Tashkent (1998-2000 and 2002-2005). He is the author of Turkmenistan: Strategies of Power, Dilemmas of Development (M.E. Sharpe, 2011), and the co-author of The Chinese Factor in Central Asia: Domestic Order, and Social Changes, (Columbia University Press), to be published in April 2012.

Abstract

Richard POMFRET is Professor of Economics at Adelaide University, and Visiting Professor of Economics at the Johns Hopkins University SAIS Bologna Center.  He has also worked at universities in Canada, China, Germany, and the USA, specializing in international trade and economic development.  In 1993 he was seconded to the United Nations for a year, acting as adviser on macroeconomic policy to the Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union.  He has acted as a consultant on Central Asia to the EU, World Bank, UNDP, OECD and Asian Development Bank.  He has published over a hundred articles and seventeen books, including The Central Asian Economies since Independence (Princeton UP, 2006). His most recent book is The Age of Equality: The twentieth century in economic perspective (Harvard UP, 2011).

Abstract


Donald S. RICE is a Trustee and Senior Vice President of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy (NCAFP).  He has been actively involved in a number of the NCAFP’s Track II Projects, including U.S., China and Cross Strait Relations, Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, and Central Asia/Caspian Sea Basin Region, requiring travel to the involved regions and participation in numerous roundtables and preparation of reports with policy recommendations.  After the collapse of the Soviet Union, he co-chaired delegations of banking lawyers to Moscow (on behalf of the Soviet American Banking Law Working Group – SABLAW) and Mongolia (on behalf of the Financial Services Volunteer Corps – FSVC) assisting in the drafting of banking laws and regulations and the training of bankers.  He has retired from the practice of law (formerly a partner at Chadbourne & Parke LLP) and has also been a banker (formerly Vice Chairman of The Bowery Savings Bank).  He holds degrees from Harvard University (ABmcl ’61 and LLB/JDcl ’64) and New York University (LLM in taxation ’65).

Gulshan SACHDEVA is Associate Professor at the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. He is a recognized expert in the areas of regional cooperation, European Studies and issues concerning Central Asia, Afghanistan and Indian Northeast. In addition, his areas of research include energy security, development aid and India’s relations with the EU, Russia & Central Asia. As a Regional Cooperation Adviser he also headed the ADB and The Asia Foundation projects at the Afghanistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Kabul. He has been Visiting Professor at the University of Antwerp, University of Trento (Italy), and Corvinus University of Budapest. He is author of Economy of the Northeast (2000), various monographs, project reports and more than 60 research papers in scholarly journals and edited books. Some of his recent publications include “Geo-economics & Energy for India” & “India’s Relations with Russia” in Handbook of India’s International Relations (Routledge, 2011); and  “The Reconstruction Issue in Afghanistan: Indian & Chinese Contribution  in China and India in Central Asia: A New Great Game? (Palgrave-McMillan, 2010). He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. 

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S. Frederick STARR is the founding chairman of the Central Asia -Caucasus Institute and Silk Road Studies Program, a joint transatlantic research and policy center affiliated with Johns Hopkins University-SAIS in Washington (where Starr is Research Professor) and the Institute for Security and Development Policy in Stockholm. His research on the countries of Greater Central Asia, their history, development, internal dynamics, as well as on US policy towards the region has resulted in twenty-two books and 200 published articles. He has also written extensively on Russian history and current affairs.  His most recent book, The Ferghana Valley: The Heart of Central Asia, involved some dozen scholars in four countries. Starr is a frequent commentator on the affairs of the region, and the author of numerous articles in journals including Foreign Affairs, The National Review, Far East Economic Review, and op-eds in various leading American and international newspapers including the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, International Herald Tribune, Christian Science Monitor, Los Angeles Times. During the past decade he has returned repeatedly to the challenge of reopening continental-wide transport passing through Central Asia and Afghanistan, which he sees as a key to success in Afghanistan itself. This issue was the subject of a series of articles between 2000 and 1008 and of a book The New Silk Roads, 2008.  For articles that have had a direct impact on policy see “The Key to Success in Afghanistan” [with A. Kuchins et al] and “Beyond the Fog of Nation Building: An Economic Strategy for Afghanistan.” The most recent of his 22 books is The Ferghana Valley: the Heart of Central Asia, a collaborate work involving 24 scholars from the region. His current research is on the history of the region between the 8th and 11th centuries when, he argues, Central; Asia was the center of the world. An essay on this theme, “Rediscovering Central Asia.” (Wilson Quarterly, summer 2009) was included in Christopher Hitchin’s “Ten Best Essays of the Year” and won NY Times columnist David Brooks’ “Sidney Award” for 2009. Starr was the founding Chairman of the Kennan Institute in Washington, and served as Vice President of Tulane University and President of the Aspen Institute and of Oberlin College (1983-94).  He was closely involved in planning the University of Central Asia and the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy and is a trustee of the Nazarbayev University in Kazakhstan.  He earned his PhD in History at Princeton, MA at King’s College, Cambridge, and his BA at Yale, and holds four honorary degrees. He has written for most of the major newspapers and international affairs journals. Starr is also a founding member of the Louisiana Repertory Jazz Ensemble of New Orleans and founded the Greater New Orleans Foundation, the single largest non-governmental sponsor of post-Katrina recovery in that city. He has written four books on New Orleans.

Joshua W. WALKER is a Transatlantic fellow at the German Marshall Fund based in Washington, D.C. responsible for the Turkey program and Japan portfolio of the Asia program. He is also a visiting scholar at George Mason University’s Vural Ak Center for Global Islamic Studies, non-resident fellow at the Crown Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Brandeis University and a Truman National Security Fellow. Joshua’s forthcoming book focuses on the role of historical memories in post-imperial successor states, with a particular focus on Japan and Turkey's domestic and foreign policies. Among his many affiliations, Joshua has most recently been a fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School, Tokyo University, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Transatlantic Academy. He has taught at Istanbul Sehir Merkez, Middle East Technical University, George Mason, Princeton, University of Richmond, and Yale. At Princeton University his Ph.D. is in Politics and Public Policy with a specialization on international relations and security studies. He holds a Master's degree in International Relations from Yale University and a Bachelor's degree from the University of Richmond. He was a Fulbright Fellow in Ankara, Turkey and has worked for the U.S. Embassy and State Department on Turkey and grew up in Sapporo, Japan where he lived for 15 years and his family still resides. Active in bridging the academic and policy worlds, Joshua is a Young Society Leader, FPI Future Leader, and Top 99 under 33 Foreign Policy Leader who co-founded the Yale Journal of International Affairs, Young Professionals in Foreign Policy in New York, and the Project on Religion, Diplomacy, and International Relations at Princeton. In addition to his numerous articles, briefs, and book projects (most recent book Turkey and Its Neighbors: Lynne Reinner, 2011) he has been published in a variety of outlets including the Boston Globe, Christian Science Monitor, Foreign Policy, International Affairs, International Herald Tribune, New Republic, Washington Quarterly, and Washington Times. Joshua is called upon often to offer commentary in international media outlets.

WU Chunsi is now a visiting fellow with the Freeman Chair in China Studies at Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).  Since 2006, Dr. Wu has been a senior research fellow with the Shanghai Institute for International Studies (SIIS) in China.  She is the executive director of SIIS’s Institute for Strategic Studies and a senior member of Center for American Studies, SIIS.  Dr. Wu’s research interests include China-U.S. security relations, nuclear deterrence, and East Asian security.  She is the author of Deterrence Theories and Missile Defense (2001, in Chinese) and the coauthor of Deterrence and Stability: The China-U.S. Nuclear Relationship (2005, in Chinese). Dr. Wu received her doctoral degree in international relations from Fudan University in Shanghai in 2002. As assistant researcher and associate professor, she worked at the Center for American Studies, Fudan University, from August 1997 to October 2006. In 2004–2005, she studied the China-U.S. space relationship at the Center for International Affairs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

XING Guangcheng is Deputy Director of the Chinese Center for Borderland History and Geography, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. During 2003-2009, he was director of Institute of Russian, Eastern European and Central Asian Studies at CASS.  He was visiting professor of Russian Academy of Science and Slavic Research Center of Hokkaido University. His main research scope is Russia, Central Asia and SCO.

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